Morning sickness is one of the most dreaded early symptoms of pregnancy, occurring during the first trimester in about 75% of pregnant women. The specific symptoms of morning sickness may vary, and they may not be limited to the morning, as every woman's body may respond to pregnancy somewhat differently. This article will take a closer look at some of the facts about morning sickness to help you prepare for this challenge and know when to seek medical care for symptoms of nausea and vomiting.
Causes of morning sickness
There is some uncertainty over what exactly causes nausea and vomiting during the early months of pregnancy, but these symptoms are likely related to a sudden spike in estrogen and other hormones such as hCG. Pregnant women also tend to have a higher sensitivity to smell and changes in their gut bacteria that can lead to symptoms of morning sickness.
While morning sickness is very common, it is still a challenge for women who have symptoms. There are some relief strategies that tend to be effective in limiting the impact of morning sickness and improving your comfort. Eating smaller meals more frequently throughout the day is helpful for minimizing stress on the digestive tract, and avoiding fatty foods can be helpful as well. Keeping cool and getting fresh air may help relieve nausea that is already present, and drinks like ginger ale or tea can also offer some comfort.
Signs of complications
When morning sickness is so severe that you cannot keep anything down, you may be at risk for dehydration and other complications that can raise the risk for preterm birth. Therefore, you should check with your obstetrician to identify normal symptoms of morning sickness and head to the ER or urgent care for an IV if you are unable to keep food and beverages down.
Under the care of Desert West OBGYN, you can have a healthy pregnancy with the resources you need to stay comfortable and well when you are expecting. To schedule a prenatal visit at one of our Phoenix-area offices, give us a call at (602) 978-1500 today.